Web of Science – the cradle of world-class scientific literature

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The Web of Science scientometric database is one of the largest and most popular multidisciplinary scientific platforms in the world. Until 2014, it was called Web of Knowledge, after which it was changed to the current one. For a long time, it was owned by Thomson Reuters media company, and since November 2016, it became the owner of the Clarivate Analytics Investment Fund.

Web of Science – the cradle of world-class scientific literature

WoS indexes journals from various disciplines

  • technical
  • biological
  • natural
  • humanities
  • social
  • art 

Access to the Web of Science offers every researcher a multitude of opportunities to get to know world-class scientific literature. The central citation platform is the Web of Science Core Collection database, which contains over 18,000 publications, which are located in three indexes of scientific material citation:

Main WoS Indexes

  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). This citation index was created in 1964 and indexes over 9,200 of the world's most influential journals from 178 disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion mentions date back to 1900.
  • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI). SSCI indexes over 3,400 publications from 58 disciplines in the social sciences, materials from 3,500 scientific and technical journals, including over 9.37 million entries and 122 cited references since 1900.
  • Art and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). The citation index for the arts and humanities indexes over 1,800 journals from 28 disciplines, more than 4.9 million entries and 33.4 million cited references dating back to 1975.  

Web of Science is constantly expanding its multidisciplinary collection. Apart from to the abovementioned citation indexes, Web of Science includes others, too.

  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)This index was launched in 2015. Including archives since 2005, the database has added 7,800 titles, over 3 million archival records and 74.4 million references dating back to 2005. The index covers all disciplines from international to regional publications.
  • The Book Citation Index (BKCI). Includes over 104,500 books, adding 10,000 new books annually, containing more than 53,2 million citations dating back to 2005. BKCI is interdisciplinary and covers disciplines in the natural, social and human sciences.
  • Conference Proceedings Citation Index (CPCI). CPCI contains over 205,900 entries that help you identify trends and new ideas. It is part of the Web of Science Core Collection

Інфографіка: основні індекси цитування, які входять у Web of Science

Мал.: Основні індекси цитування, які входять у Web of Science

Additional, specialized and regional WoS indexes

  • BIOSIS Citation Index;
  • Chines Science Citation Database;
  • SciELO Citation Index;
  • Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Previews;
  • Medline;
  • CABI: CAB Abstracts and Global Health and others.

There is an Impact Factor (IF) to analyze and formulate a scientific strategy that is calculated only for publications included in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) and the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI). This indicator is very useful and demonstrates the influence of the journal. It is calculated for publications for a certain year. To calculate the impact factor for 2019, it is necessary to calculate the number of citations for 2019 of those scientific papers that were published in the previous two years (2018 and 2017) and to divide this citation rate by the number of papers published in the journal that we interested. The results are summarized at the end of each year, when the entire collection of scientific mentions is completed. You can find out about the annual results of this metric in June in the Journal Citation Reports analytical report, which gathers information on all journals with an impact factor.

Web of Science is a highly reputable database that selects only high quality papers for publication, provides thorough peer review and professional expertise. This database is difficult to get in for a journal. Platform experts verify the publication to ensure that it meets all the criteria and is not of poor quality.              

The journal must meet many criteria

  • pass a mandatory expert evaluation;
  • comply with and follow the publishing principles and ethics;
  • meet the technical requirements;
  • be translated into English;
  • have positive recommendations from scientists or users of the platform.

This selection process remains the same and is very demanding. Some editions may fall into several major databases, but more often they initially fall into the Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), from where they can move to more powerful services. Web of Science makes sure that a predator journal does not enter the database.

For 2016, Web of Science included 18 Ukrainian scientific publications, including journals in chemistry, physics, mathematics, neurophysiology, metallurgy, etc.

Criteria for scientific papers

A scientific article must meet certain criteria

  1. Mandatory peer review, which constitutes an indicator of high quality. The conclusions of the reviewers form a basis for the editorial board's opinion on whether to publish the paper or reject it.
  2. Scientific paper should be the relevant research; it should contain important results – valuable for other scientists.
  3. Today, English has become a universal language of the scientific society, so the editorial department reviews publications precisely in that language, especially if research is important to scholars around the world.
  4. There should in no case be plagiarism or excessive self-citation. This is a poor indicator for the researcher and their authority. The scientist must adhere to the publishing ethics and refrain from fraudulent schemes, otherwise this may lead the author to have their paper rejected from indexing.
  5. The paper layout should be done according to the IMRAD system, the tables, figures and formulas should be formatted correctly using the LaTeX formula.

WoS includes publications of both the conventional business model and Open Access.

Conventional model

Researchers submit an article, which undergoes obligatory peer-review, and then readers and libraries pay a subscription to access the materials.

Open Access

The same model as in conventional magazines, the only difference is that the author pays money for the publication, and readers are given free access. To understand that the publication is in Open Access is possible by going to the website of the publication, where there is an open lock icon. Publishing an article in an open-source journal is very expensive, and to do this it often helps to get a grant.

The scientometric database has a convenient search for analyzing and using bibliographic data, thanks to a common vocabulary, complete citation indexing and access to all materials. 

Scientific Publications – Publ.Science company is an active participant in the development of the scientometric field in Ukraine, so if you have any questions, please contact us for consulting and support in your scientific path.

We also remind you about a recent release on a unique proposal for all scientists from the Scopus Club in Ukraine

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